Nutrient Management in Onion and Garlic

A. Thangasamy, Yogesh Khade, Major Singh


Onion and garlic are important bulbous crops grown worldwide and in India as vegetable and spice crops. Productivity of these crops are reached plateau over last decade in India. Productivity could be increased by judicious use all available resources and proper nutrient management practices. These crops remove 85-90% major nutrients up to 60-75 days after planting. However, these crops remove micronutrients till maturity. Therefore, required major nutrients should be applied as per crop requirement at time and in right place through right source. Season long supply of micronutrients are essential for achieving higher production. Continuous application of inorganic fertilizers could deteriorate soil health and affect onion and garlic productivity. Organic manures have both major and micronutrients, but it is very difficult to synchronize the nutrient release and crop nutrient demand. Hence, balanced application of inorganic fertilizers, organic manures and biofertilizers are essential for achieving higher productivity and for sustaining soil health.


Productivity, Nutrient uptake, Organic manures, Inorganic fertilizers, Biofertilizers, Balanced application

Full Text:



AINRPOG (2011). Annual Report2011. All- India Network Research Project on Onion and Garlic. Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research, Rajgurunagar. Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Altomare, C., Norvell, W. A., Bjokman, T.,& Harman, G. E. (1999).Solubilization of phosphates and micronutrients by the plant growth promoting and biocontrol fungus Trichodermaharzianum Rifai 1295-22. Applied and Environmental Microbiology,65(7), 2926–2933.

Ballabh K., Rana, D.K.& Rawat, S.S.(2013). Effects of foliar application of micronutrients on growth, yield and quality of onion. Indian Journal of Horticulture,70(2), 260–265.

Bender, R. R., Haegele, J.W.,& Below F.E. (2015). Nutrient uptake, partitioning, and remobilization in modern soybean varieties. Agronomy Journal,107(2), 563-573.

Bender, R. R., Haegele, J. W., Ruffo, M. L., & Below, F. E. (2013). Nutrient uptake, partitioning and remobilization in modern transgenic insect protected maize hybrids. Agronomy Journal,105(1),161-170.

Diacono, M.,&Montemurro, F. (2010). Long-term effects of organic amendments on soil fertility. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development,30, 401–422.

Dogliotti, S. (2003). Exploring options for sustainable development of vegetable farms in South Uruguay(Ph. D. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands).

Doran, J.W.,& Parkin, T.B. (1994). Defining and assessing soil quality. In Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environment (pp. 3-21). Soil Science Society of America, Special Publication No. 35.

Dutta, S., Pal, R., Chakeraborty, A., &Chakrabarti, K. (2003). Influence of integrated plant nutrient supply system on soil quality restoration in a red and laterite soil. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science,49, 631–637.

Edmeades, D.C. (2003). The long-term effects of manures and fertilizers on soil productivity and quality: a review. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystem,66, 165–180.

Feibert, E.B.G., Shock, C. C.,& Saunders, L. D. (2003). Nonconventional Additives Leave Onion Yield and Quality Unchanged. HortScience,38 (3), 381-385.

Ganeshamurthy, A. N.,Thangasamy, A., Mahajan, V., & Gupta, P. K. (2017). Soil fertility and crop nutrition in onion and garlic: Delineation, deficiencies and management of nutrients. Technical Bulletin No. 25. ICAR-DOGR, Rajgurunagar, Pune. p. 61.

Hati K.M., Swarup, A.,Dwivedi, A. K.,Misra, A. K., Bandyopahhyay, K. K. (2007). Changes in soil physical properties and organic carbon status at the topsoil horizon of a vertisol of central India after 28 years of continuous cropping, fertilization and manuring. Agriculture Ecosystem Environment, 119,127–134.

Kolota E., & M. Osinska (2001). Efficiency of foliar nutrition of field vegetables grown at different nitrogen rates. In Proceeding of IC Environmental Problems N-Fertilizers. Acta Horticulture, 563, 87–91.

Lee, J. (2010). Effect of application methods of organic fertilizer on growth, soil chemical properties and microbial densities in organic bulb onion production. ScientiaHorticulturae,124, 299–305.

Li. B. Y., Zhou, D. M.,Cang, L., Zhang, H. L.,Fan, X. H. & Qin, S. W. (2007). Soil micronutrient availability to crops as affected by long-term inorganic and organic fertilizer applications. Soil Tillage Research, 96(1–2), 166–173.

Liu, A., Hamel, C., Hamilton, R. I., Ma, B. L., &Smith, D. L. (2000).Acquisition of Cu, Zn, Mn and Fe by mycorrhizal maize (Zea mays L.) grown in soil at different P and micronutrient levels. Plant and Soil,9(6), 331-336.

Mahajan, A., Bhagat, R. M.,& Gupta, R. D. (2008). Integrated nutrient management in sustainable rice-wheat cropping system for food security in India. SAARC Journal of Agriculture,6(2), 1-16.

Mingfang. C., Jin Jiyun and Huang Shaowen (1999). Release of native and non-exchangeable soil potassium and adsorption in selected soils of North China. Better Crops International,13(2), 3-5.

NRCOG Annual report (2007). All India Network Research Project on Onion and Garlic Annual report. Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research, Rajgurunagar. Pune.

Paniappan, R.,& Thangasamy, A. (2015). Nutrient management. InThe Onion. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.

Prasad,B., &Sinha, N. P. (1981). Balance sheet of soil phosphorus and potassium as influenced by intensive cropping and fertilizer use. Plant and Soil,60, 187-93.

Qureshi, A. A., &Lawande, K. E. (2006). Response of onion (Allium cepa) to sulphur application for yield, quality and its storability in S-deficient soils. Indian Journal Agricultural Sciences,76(9), 535–7.

Qureshi, A. A., Lawande, K.E.,& Thangasamy, A. (2011). Diagnosis and management of nutrient deficiencies in onion and garlic. Technical Bulletin No. 16, Directorate of Onion and Garlic, Rajgurunagar, Dist. Pune, MS, India 410 505.

Qureshi, A. A., Lawande, K. E.,Patil, V. B., &Sibi Mani (2012). Relationship between Selenium and Sulfur Assimilation and Resultant Interaction on Quality Parameters in Onion. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 43(12), 1625-1631.

Sahu, S. K.,& P. K. Samant (2006). Micronutrient management through organic farming. Orissa review. 57–58.

Sankar, V., Veeraragavathatham, D.,&Kannan, M. (2009). Organic farming practices in white onion (Allium cepa L.) for the production of export quality bulbs. Journal of Ecofriendly Agriculture. 4,17-21.

Selvaraj, N., Irulappan, I., &Vedamuthu, P.G.B. (1993). Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on foliage and bulb characteristics in garlic (Allium sativum L.). South Indian Horticulture,41, 350-354.

Singh, B., Natesan, S.K.A., Singh, B.K., &Usha, K. (2003). Improving zinc efficiency of cereals under zinc deficiency. Current science,88, 36-14.

Singh, D.P., & Tiwari, R.S. (1995). Effect of micronutrients on growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.) variety Pusa Red. Recent-Horticulture,2(2), 70-77.

Singh, D.P.,& Tiwari, R.S. (1996). Effect of micronutrients on yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) variety Pusa Red. Recent-Horticulture. 3(1), 111-117.

Subbarao, A. & Sammi Reddy, K. (2006). Integrated nutrient management vis-Ã -vis crop production/productivity, nutrient balance, farmer livelihood and environment: India, pp.26.InImproving Plant Nutrient Management for Better Farmer Livelihoods, Food Security and Environmental Sustainability. RAP Publication. Proceedings of a Regional Workshop Beijing, China.

Thangasamy, A. (2016). Quantification of dry-matter accumulation and nutrient uptake pattern of short day onion (Allium cepa L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis,47 (2), 246–254.

Thangasamy, A., & Chavan, K. M. (2017). Assessment of dry matter accumulation and nutrient uptake pattern of garlic crop. Indian Journal of Horticulture,74(1), 80-84.

Thangasamy, A., & Lawande, K. E. (2015). Integrated nutrient management for sustainable onion production. Indian Journal of Horticulture,72(3), 347–352.

Thangasamy, A.,Kalyani Gorrepati, Ahammed Shabeer T. P., Kavita R. S., Kaushik Banerjee, Sankar, V.,& Chavan, K. M. (2018) Comparison of organic and conventional farming for onion yield, biochemical quality, soil organic carbon, and microbial population, Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science,64(2),219-230, DOI: 10.1080/03650340.2017.1341045.

Thangasamy, A., Kalyani Gorrepati, Vanita Salunkhe, Gawande, S. J.,Kishor M. Chavan and Kedar Pathak (2016). Effect of micronutrient application on onion production and storage life. Souvenir: Second National Symposium on edible alliums: Challenges and future strategies for sustainable production to be held at Jalna.

Thangasamy, A., Sankar, V., & Lawande, K. E. (2010). Integrated nutrient management in onion and garlic. Indian Journal of Fertilizers,6(11), 100-109.

Thangasamy, A., Sankar, V., & Lawande, K. E. (2013). Effect of sulphur nutrition on pungency and storage life of short day onion (Allium cepa). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences,83(10), 1086–1089.

Vinaysingh and Manoj Pandey (2006). Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on Yield of and Nutrient Uptake by Onion and on Soil Fertility. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 54(3), 365-367.

World Bank Report (1997). China, Long-Term Food Security Report No. 16469-CHA. Rural and Social Development Operations Division, China and Mongolia Department, East Asia and Pacific Regional Office, p. 193.

Yoo, K.S., Pike, L., Crosby, K., Jones, R.&Leskovar, D. (2006). Differences in onion pungency due to cultivars, growth environment, and bulb sizes. ScientiaHorticulturae,110, 144–149.

Zhang, S., Zhijun Li,&Xueyun Yang (2015). Effects of long-term inorganic and organic fertilization on soil micronutrient status. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis,46(14), 1778-1790, DOI: 10.1080/00103624. 2015.1047843.

Zhao B., Li, X.Y,. Li, X. P., Shi, X.J., Huang, S. M., Wang, B. R., Zhu, P., Yang, X. Y., Liu, H., Chen, Y., Poulton, P., Powlson, D., Todd, A., &Payne, R. (2010). Long-term fertilizer experiment network in China: crop yields and soil nutrient trends. Agronomy Journal,102, 216–230.

Zhao, K., Xu, K., Xu, N.,& Wang, Y.G. (2009). Absorption and Distribution of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium in Onion. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science,15(1), 241-246.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Online ISSN: 2581-9127